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/*
 * Copyright (C) Igor Sysoev
 */


#include <ngx_config.h>
#include <ngx_core.h>
#include <ngx_http.h>


typedef struct ngx_http_log_op_s  ngx_http_log_op_t;

typedef u_char *(*ngx_http_log_op_run_pt) (ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op);

typedef size_t (*ngx_http_log_op_getlen_pt) (ngx_http_request_t *r,
    uintptr_t data);


struct ngx_http_log_op_s {
    size_t                      len;
    ngx_http_log_op_getlen_pt   getlen;
    ngx_http_log_op_run_pt      run;
    uintptr_t                   data;
};


typedef struct {
    ngx_str_t                   name;
    ngx_array_t                *ops;        /* array of ngx_http_log_op_t */
} ngx_http_log_fmt_t;


typedef struct {
    ngx_array_t                 formats;    /* array of ngx_http_log_fmt_t */
    ngx_uint_t                  combined_used; /* unsigned  combined_used:1 */
} ngx_http_log_main_conf_t;


typedef struct {
    ngx_array_t                *lengths;
    ngx_array_t                *values;
} ngx_http_log_script_t;


typedef struct {
    ngx_open_file_t            *file;
    ngx_http_log_script_t      *script;
    time_t                      disk_full_time;
    time_t                      error_log_time;
    ngx_array_t                *ops;        /* array of ngx_http_log_op_t */
} ngx_http_log_t;


typedef struct {
    ngx_array_t                *logs;       /* array of ngx_http_log_t */

    ngx_open_file_cache_t      *open_file_cache;
    time_t                      open_file_cache_valid;
    ngx_uint_t                  open_file_cache_min_uses;

    ngx_uint_t                  off;        /* unsigned  off:1 */
} ngx_http_log_loc_conf_t;


typedef struct {
    ngx_str_t                   name;
    size_t                      len;
    ngx_http_log_op_run_pt      run;
} ngx_http_log_var_t;


static void ngx_http_log_write(ngx_http_request_t *r, ngx_http_log_t *log,
    u_char *buf, size_t len);
static ssize_t ngx_http_log_script_write(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_log_script_t *script, u_char **name, u_char *buf, size_t len);

static u_char *ngx_http_log_connection(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op);
static u_char *ngx_http_log_pipe(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op);
static u_char *ngx_http_log_time(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op);
static u_char *ngx_http_log_msec(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op);
static u_char *ngx_http_log_request_time(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op);
static u_char *ngx_http_log_status(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op);
static u_char *ngx_http_log_bytes_sent(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op);
static u_char *ngx_http_log_body_bytes_sent(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    u_char *buf, ngx_http_log_op_t *op);
static u_char *ngx_http_log_request_length(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op);

static ngx_int_t ngx_http_log_variable_compile(ngx_conf_t *cf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op, ngx_str_t *value);
static size_t ngx_http_log_variable_getlen(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    uintptr_t data);
static u_char *ngx_http_log_variable(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op);
static uintptr_t ngx_http_log_escape(u_char *dst, u_char *src, size_t size);


static void *ngx_http_log_create_main_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf);
static void *ngx_http_log_create_loc_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf);
static char *ngx_http_log_merge_loc_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf, void *parent,
    void *child);
static char *ngx_http_log_set_log(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_command_t *cmd,
    void *conf);
static char *ngx_http_log_set_format(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_command_t *cmd,
    void *conf);
static char *ngx_http_log_compile_format(ngx_conf_t *cf,
    ngx_array_t *ops, ngx_array_t *args, ngx_uint_t s);
static char *ngx_http_log_open_file_cache(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_command_t *cmd,
    void *conf);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_log_init(ngx_conf_t *cf);


static ngx_command_t  ngx_http_log_commands[] = {

    { ngx_string("log_format"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_2MORE,
      ngx_http_log_set_format,
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF_OFFSET,
      0,
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("access_log"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LIF_CONF
                        |NGX_HTTP_LMT_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE123,
      ngx_http_log_set_log,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      0,
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("open_log_file_cache"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1234,
      ngx_http_log_open_file_cache,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      0,
      NULL },

      ngx_null_command
};


static ngx_http_module_t  ngx_http_log_module_ctx = {
    NULL,                                  /* preconfiguration */
    ngx_http_log_init,                     /* postconfiguration */

    ngx_http_log_create_main_conf,         /* create main configuration */
    NULL,                                  /* init main configuration */

    NULL,                                  /* create server configuration */
    NULL,                                  /* merge server configuration */

    ngx_http_log_create_loc_conf,          /* create location configration */
    ngx_http_log_merge_loc_conf            /* merge location configration */
};


ngx_module_t  ngx_http_log_module = {
    NGX_MODULE_V1,
    &ngx_http_log_module_ctx,              /* module context */
    ngx_http_log_commands,                 /* module directives */
    NGX_HTTP_MODULE,                       /* module type */
    NULL,                                  /* init master */
    NULL,                                  /* init module */
    NULL,                                  /* init process */
    NULL,                                  /* init thread */
    NULL,                                  /* exit thread */
    NULL,                                  /* exit process */
    NULL,                                  /* exit master */
    NGX_MODULE_V1_PADDING
};


static ngx_str_t  ngx_http_access_log = ngx_string(NGX_HTTP_LOG_PATH);


static ngx_str_t  ngx_http_combined_fmt =
    ngx_string("$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "
               "\"$request\" $status $body_bytes_sent "
               "\"$http_referer\" \"$http_user_agent\"");


static ngx_http_log_var_t  ngx_http_log_vars[] = {
    { ngx_string("connection"), NGX_ATOMIC_T_LEN, ngx_http_log_connection },
    { ngx_string("pipe"), 1, ngx_http_log_pipe },
    { ngx_string("time_local"), sizeof("28/Sep/1970:12:00:00 +0600") - 1,
                          ngx_http_log_time },
    { ngx_string("msec"), NGX_TIME_T_LEN + 4, ngx_http_log_msec },
    { ngx_string("request_time"), NGX_TIME_T_LEN + 4,
                          ngx_http_log_request_time },
    { ngx_string("status"), 3, ngx_http_log_status },
    { ngx_string("bytes_sent"), NGX_OFF_T_LEN, ngx_http_log_bytes_sent },
    { ngx_string("body_bytes_sent"), NGX_OFF_T_LEN,
                          ngx_http_log_body_bytes_sent },
    { ngx_string("apache_bytes_sent"), NGX_OFF_T_LEN,
                          ngx_http_log_body_bytes_sent },
    { ngx_string("request_length"), NGX_SIZE_T_LEN,
                          ngx_http_log_request_length },

    { ngx_null_string, 0, NULL }
};


ngx_int_t
ngx_http_log_handler(ngx_http_request_t *r)
{
    u_char                   *line, *p;
    size_t                    len;
    ngx_uint_t                i, l;
    ngx_http_log_t           *log;
    ngx_open_file_t          *file;
    ngx_http_log_op_t        *op;
    ngx_http_log_loc_conf_t  *lcf;

    ngx_log_debug0(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, r->connection->log, 0,
                   "http log handler");

    lcf = ngx_http_get_module_loc_conf(r, ngx_http_log_module);

    if (lcf->off) {
        return NGX_OK;
    }

    log = lcf->logs->elts;
    for (l = 0; l < lcf->logs->nelts; l++) {

        if (ngx_time() == log[l].disk_full_time) {

            /*
             * on FreeBSD writing to a full filesystem with enabled softupdates
             * may block process for much longer time than writing to non-full
             * filesystem, so we skip writing to a log for one second
             */

            continue;
        }

        len = 0;
        op = log[l].ops->elts;
        for (i = 0; i < log[l].ops->nelts; i++) {
            if (op[i].len == 0) {
                len += op[i].getlen(r, op[i].data);

            } else {
                len += op[i].len;
            }
        }

        len += NGX_LINEFEED_SIZE;

        file = log[l].file;

        if (file && file->buffer) {

            if (len > (size_t) (file->last - file->pos)) {

                ngx_http_log_write(r, &log[l], file->buffer,
                                   file->pos - file->buffer);

                file->pos = file->buffer;
            }

            if (len <= (size_t) (file->last - file->pos)) {

                p = file->pos;

                for (i = 0; i < log[l].ops->nelts; i++) {
                    p = op[i].run(r, p, &op[i]);
                }

                ngx_linefeed(p);

                file->pos = p;

                continue;
            }
        }

        line = ngx_pnalloc(r->pool, len);
        if (line == NULL) {
            return NGX_ERROR;
        }

        p = line;

        for (i = 0; i < log[l].ops->nelts; i++) {
            p = op[i].run(r, p, &op[i]);
        }

        ngx_linefeed(p);

        ngx_http_log_write(r, &log[l], line, p - line);
    }

    return NGX_OK;
}


static void
ngx_http_log_write(ngx_http_request_t *r, ngx_http_log_t *log, u_char *buf,
    size_t len)
{
    u_char     *name;
    time_t      now;
    ssize_t     n;
    ngx_err_t   err;

    if (log->script == NULL) {
        name = log->file->name.data;
        n = ngx_write_fd(log->file->fd, buf, len);

    } else {
        name = NULL;
        n = ngx_http_log_script_write(r, log->script, &name, buf, len);
    }

    if (n == (ssize_t) len) {
        return;
    }

    now = ngx_time();

    if (n == -1) {
        err = ngx_errno;

        if (err == NGX_ENOSPC) {
            log->disk_full_time = now;
        }

        if (now - log->error_log_time > 59) {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, r->connection->log, err,
                          ngx_write_fd_n " to \"%s\" failed", name);

            log->error_log_time = now;
        }

        return;
    }

    if (now - log->error_log_time > 59) {
        ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, r->connection->log, 0,
                      ngx_write_fd_n " to \"%s\" was incomplete: %z of %uz",
                      name, n, len);

        log->error_log_time = now;
    }
}


static ssize_t
ngx_http_log_script_write(ngx_http_request_t *r, ngx_http_log_script_t *script,
    u_char **name, u_char *buf, size_t len)
{
    size_t                     root;
    ssize_t                    n;
    ngx_str_t                  log, path;
    ngx_open_file_info_t       of;
    ngx_http_log_loc_conf_t   *llcf;
    ngx_http_core_loc_conf_t  *clcf;

    if (!r->root_tested) {

        /* test root directory existance */

        if (ngx_http_map_uri_to_path(r, &path, &root, 0) == NULL) {
            /* simulate successfull logging */
            return len;
        }

        path.data[root] = '\0';

        clcf = ngx_http_get_module_loc_conf(r, ngx_http_core_module);

        ngx_memzero(&of, sizeof(ngx_open_file_info_t));

        of.valid = clcf->open_file_cache_valid;
        of.min_uses = clcf->open_file_cache_min_uses;
        of.errors = clcf->open_file_cache_errors;
        of.events = clcf->open_file_cache_events;

        if (ngx_open_cached_file(clcf->open_file_cache, &path, &of, r->pool)
            != NGX_OK)
        {
            if (of.err == 0) {
                /* simulate successfull logging */
                return len;
            }

            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ERR, r->connection->log, of.err,
                          "testing \"%s\" existence failed", path.data);

            /* simulate successfull logging */
            return len;
        }

        if (!of.is_dir) {
            ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ERR, r->connection->log, NGX_ENOTDIR,
                          "testing \"%s\" existence failed", path.data);

            /* simulate successfull logging */
            return len;
        }
    }

    if (ngx_http_script_run(r, &log, script->lengths->elts, 1,
                            script->values->elts)
        == NULL)
    {
        /* simulate successfull logging */
        return len;
    }

    log.data[log.len - 1] = '\0';
    *name = log.data;

    ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, r->connection->log, 0,
                   "http log \"%s\"", log.data);

    llcf = ngx_http_get_module_loc_conf(r, ngx_http_log_module);

    ngx_memzero(&of, sizeof(ngx_open_file_info_t));

    of.log = 1;
    of.valid = llcf->open_file_cache_valid;
    of.min_uses = llcf->open_file_cache_min_uses;

    if (ngx_open_cached_file(llcf->open_file_cache, &log, &of, r->pool)
        != NGX_OK)
    {
        ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_CRIT, r->connection->log, ngx_errno,
                      ngx_open_file_n " \"%s\" failed", log.data);
        /* simulate successfull logging */
        return len;
    }

    ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, r->connection->log, 0,
                   "http log #%d", of.fd);

    n = ngx_write_fd(of.fd, buf, len);

    return n;
}


static u_char *
ngx_http_log_copy_short(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op)
{
    size_t     len;
    uintptr_t  data;

    len = op->len;
    data = op->data;

    while (len--) {
        *buf++ = (u_char) (data & 0xff);
        data >>= 8;
    }

    return buf;
}


static u_char *
ngx_http_log_copy_long(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op)
{
    return ngx_cpymem(buf, (u_char *) op->data, op->len);
}


static u_char *
ngx_http_log_connection(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op)
{
    return ngx_sprintf(buf, "%ui", r->connection->number);
}


static u_char *
ngx_http_log_pipe(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf, ngx_http_log_op_t *op)
{
    if (r->pipeline) {
        *buf = 'p';
    } else {
        *buf = '.';
    }

    return buf + 1;
}


static u_char *
ngx_http_log_time(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf, ngx_http_log_op_t *op)
{
    return ngx_cpymem(buf, ngx_cached_http_log_time.data,
                      ngx_cached_http_log_time.len);
}


static u_char *
ngx_http_log_msec(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf, ngx_http_log_op_t *op)
{
    ngx_time_t  *tp;

    tp = ngx_timeofday();

    return ngx_sprintf(buf, "%T.%03M", tp->sec, tp->msec);
}


static u_char *
ngx_http_log_request_time(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op)
{
    ngx_time_t      *tp;
    ngx_msec_int_t   ms;

    tp = ngx_timeofday();

    ms = (ngx_msec_int_t)
             ((tp->sec - r->start_sec) * 1000 + (tp->msec - r->start_msec));
    ms = (ms >= 0) ? ms : 0;

    return ngx_sprintf(buf, "%T.%03M", ms / 1000, ms % 1000);
}


static u_char *
ngx_http_log_status(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf, ngx_http_log_op_t *op)
{
    return ngx_sprintf(buf, "%ui",
                       r->err_status ? r->err_status : r->headers_out.status);
}


static u_char *
ngx_http_log_bytes_sent(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op)
{
    return ngx_sprintf(buf, "%O", r->connection->sent);
}


/*
 * although there is a real $body_bytes_sent variable,
 * this log operation code function is more optimized for logging
 */

static u_char *
ngx_http_log_body_bytes_sent(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op)
{
    off_t  length;

    length = r->connection->sent - r->header_size;

    if (length > 0) {
        return ngx_sprintf(buf, "%O", length);
    }

    *buf = '0';

    return buf + 1;
}


static u_char *
ngx_http_log_request_length(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf,
    ngx_http_log_op_t *op)
{
    return ngx_sprintf(buf, "%O", r->request_length);
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_log_variable_compile(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_http_log_op_t *op,
    ngx_str_t *value)
{
    ngx_int_t  index;

    index = ngx_http_get_variable_index(cf, value);
    if (index == NGX_ERROR) {
        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    op->len = 0;
    op->getlen = ngx_http_log_variable_getlen;
    op->run = ngx_http_log_variable;
    op->data = index;

    return NGX_OK;
}


static size_t
ngx_http_log_variable_getlen(ngx_http_request_t *r, uintptr_t data)
{
    uintptr_t                   len;
    ngx_http_variable_value_t  *value;

    value = ngx_http_get_indexed_variable(r, data);

    if (value == NULL || value->not_found) {
        return 1;
    }

    len = ngx_http_log_escape(NULL, value->data, value->len);

    value->escape = len ? 1 : 0;

    return value->len + len * 3;
}


static u_char *
ngx_http_log_variable(ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *buf, ngx_http_log_op_t *op)
{
    ngx_http_variable_value_t  *value;

    value = ngx_http_get_indexed_variable(r, op->data);

    if (value == NULL || value->not_found) {
        *buf = '-';
        return buf + 1;
    }

    if (value->escape == 0) {
        return ngx_cpymem(buf, value->data, value->len);

    } else {
        return (u_char *) ngx_http_log_escape(buf, value->data, value->len);
    }
}


static uintptr_t
ngx_http_log_escape(u_char *dst, u_char *src, size_t size)
{
    ngx_uint_t      i, n;
    static u_char   hex[] = "0123456789ABCDEF";

    static uint32_t   escape[] = {
        0xffffffff, /* 1111 1111 1111 1111  1111 1111 1111 1111 */

                    /* ?>=< ;:98 7654 3210  /.-, +*)( '&%$ #"!  */
        0x00000004, /* 0000 0000 0000 0000  0000 0000 0000 0100 */

                    /* _^]\ [ZYX WVUT SRQP  ONML KJIH GFED CBA@ */
        0x10000000, /* 0001 0000 0000 0000  0000 0000 0000 0000 */

                    /*  ~}| {zyx wvut srqp  onml kjih gfed cba` */
        0x00000000, /* 0000 0000 0000 0000  0000 0000 0000 0000 */

        0x00000000, /* 0000 0000 0000 0000  0000 0000 0000 0000 */
        0x00000000, /* 0000 0000 0000 0000  0000 0000 0000 0000 */
        0x00000000, /* 0000 0000 0000 0000  0000 0000 0000 0000 */
        0x00000000, /* 0000 0000 0000 0000  0000 0000 0000 0000 */
    };


    if (dst == NULL) {

        /* find the number of the characters to be escaped */

        n  = 0;

        for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
            if (escape[*src >> 5] & (1 << (*src & 0x1f))) {
                n++;
            }
            src++;
        }

        return (uintptr_t) n;
    }

    for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
        if (escape[*src >> 5] & (1 << (*src & 0x1f))) {
            *dst++ = '\\';
            *dst++ = 'x';
            *dst++ = hex[*src >> 4];
            *dst++ = hex[*src & 0xf];
            src++;

        } else {
            *dst++ = *src++;
        }
    }

    return (uintptr_t) dst;
}


static void *
ngx_http_log_create_main_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf)
{
    ngx_http_log_main_conf_t  *conf;

    ngx_http_log_fmt_t  *fmt;

    conf = ngx_pcalloc(cf->pool, sizeof(ngx_http_log_main_conf_t));
    if (conf == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    if (ngx_array_init(&conf->formats, cf->pool, 4, sizeof(ngx_http_log_fmt_t))
        != NGX_OK)
    {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    fmt = ngx_array_push(&conf->formats);
    if (fmt == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    fmt->name.len = sizeof("combined") - 1;
    fmt->name.data = (u_char *) "combined";

    fmt->ops = ngx_array_create(cf->pool, 16, sizeof(ngx_http_log_op_t));
    if (fmt->ops == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    return conf;
}


static void *
ngx_http_log_create_loc_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf)
{
    ngx_http_log_loc_conf_t  *conf;

    conf = ngx_pcalloc(cf->pool, sizeof(ngx_http_log_loc_conf_t));
    if (conf == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    conf->open_file_cache = NGX_CONF_UNSET_PTR;

    return conf;
}


static char *
ngx_http_log_merge_loc_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf, void *parent, void *child)
{
    ngx_http_log_loc_conf_t *prev = parent;
    ngx_http_log_loc_conf_t *conf = child;

    ngx_http_log_t            *log;
    ngx_http_log_fmt_t        *fmt;
    ngx_http_log_main_conf_t  *lmcf;

    if (conf->open_file_cache == NGX_CONF_UNSET_PTR) {

        conf->open_file_cache = prev->open_file_cache;
        conf->open_file_cache_valid = prev->open_file_cache_valid;
        conf->open_file_cache_min_uses = prev->open_file_cache_min_uses;

        if (conf->open_file_cache == NGX_CONF_UNSET_PTR) {
            conf->open_file_cache = NULL;
        }
    }

    if (conf->logs || conf->off) {
        return NGX_CONF_OK;
    }

    conf->logs = prev->logs;
    conf->off = prev->off;

    if (conf->logs || conf->off) {
        return NGX_CONF_OK;
    }

    conf->logs = ngx_array_create(cf->pool, 2, sizeof(ngx_http_log_t));
    if (conf->logs == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    log = ngx_array_push(conf->logs);
    if (log == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    log->file = ngx_conf_open_file(cf->cycle, &ngx_http_access_log);
    if (log->file == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    log->script = NULL;
    log->disk_full_time = 0;
    log->error_log_time = 0;

    lmcf = ngx_http_conf_get_module_main_conf(cf, ngx_http_log_module);
    fmt = lmcf->formats.elts;

    /* the default "combined" format */
    log->ops = fmt[0].ops;
    lmcf->combined_used = 1;

    return NGX_CONF_OK;
}


static char *
ngx_http_log_set_log(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_command_t *cmd, void *conf)
{
    ngx_http_log_loc_conf_t *llcf = conf;

    ssize_t                     buf;
    ngx_uint_t                  i, n;
    ngx_str_t                  *value, name;
    ngx_http_log_t             *log;
    ngx_http_log_fmt_t         *fmt;
    ngx_http_log_main_conf_t   *lmcf;
    ngx_http_script_compile_t   sc;

    value = cf->args->elts;

    if (ngx_strcmp(value[1].data, "off") == 0) {
        llcf->off = 1;
        return NGX_CONF_OK;
    }

    if (llcf->logs == NULL) {
        llcf->logs = ngx_array_create(cf->pool, 2, sizeof(ngx_http_log_t));
        if (llcf->logs == NULL) {
            return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
        }
    }

    lmcf = ngx_http_conf_get_module_main_conf(cf, ngx_http_log_module);

    log = ngx_array_push(llcf->logs);
    if (log == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    ngx_memzero(log, sizeof(ngx_http_log_t));

    n = ngx_http_script_variables_count(&value[1]);

    if (n == 0) {
        log->file = ngx_conf_open_file(cf->cycle, &value[1]);
        if (log->file == NULL) {
            return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
        }

    } else {
        if (ngx_conf_full_name(cf->cycle, &value[1], 0) == NGX_ERROR) {
            return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
        }

        log->script = ngx_pcalloc(cf->pool, sizeof(ngx_http_log_script_t));
        if (log->script == NULL) {
            return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
        }

        ngx_memzero(&sc, sizeof(ngx_http_script_compile_t));

        sc.cf = cf;
        sc.source = &value[1];
        sc.lengths = &log->script->lengths;
        sc.values = &log->script->values;
        sc.variables = n;
        sc.complete_lengths = 1;
        sc.complete_values = 1;

        if (ngx_http_script_compile(&sc) != NGX_OK) {
            return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
        }
    }

    if (cf->args->nelts >= 3) {
        name = value[2];

        if (ngx_strcmp(name.data, "combined") == 0) {
            lmcf->combined_used = 1;
        }

    } else {
        name.len = sizeof("combined") - 1;
        name.data = (u_char *) "combined";
        lmcf->combined_used = 1;
    }

    fmt = lmcf->formats.elts;
    for (i = 0; i < lmcf->formats.nelts; i++) {
        if (fmt[i].name.len == name.len
            && ngx_strcasecmp(fmt[i].name.data, name.data) == 0)
        {
            log->ops = fmt[i].ops;
            goto buffer;
        }
    }

    ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf, 0,
                       "unknown log format \"%V\"", &name);
    return NGX_CONF_ERROR;

buffer:

    if (cf->args->nelts == 4) {
        if (ngx_strncmp(value[3].data, "buffer=", 7) != 0) {
            ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf, 0,
                               "invalid parameter \"%V\"", &value[3]);
            return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
        }

        if (log->script) {
            ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf, 0,
                               "buffered logs can not have variables in name");
            return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
        }

        name.len = value[3].len - 7;
        name.data = value[3].data + 7;

        buf = ngx_parse_size(&name);

        if (buf == NGX_ERROR) {
            ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf, 0,
                               "invalid parameter \"%V\"", &value[3]);
            return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
        }

        if (log->file->buffer && log->file->last - log->file->pos != buf) {
            ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf, 0,
                               "access_log \"%V\" already defined "
                               "with different buffer size", &value[1]);
            return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
        }

        log->file->buffer = ngx_palloc(cf->pool, buf);
        if (log->file->buffer == NULL) {
            return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
        }

        log->file->pos = log->file->buffer;
        log->file->last = log->file->buffer + buf;
    }

    return NGX_CONF_OK;
}


static char *
ngx_http_log_set_format(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_command_t *cmd, void *conf)
{
    ngx_http_log_main_conf_t *lmcf = conf;

    ngx_str_t           *value;
    ngx_uint_t           i;
    ngx_http_log_fmt_t  *fmt;

    value = cf->args->elts;

    fmt = lmcf->formats.elts;
    for (i = 0; i < lmcf->formats.nelts; i++) {
        if (fmt[i].name.len == value[1].len
            && ngx_strcmp(fmt[i].name.data, value[1].data) == 0)
        {
            ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf, 0,
                               "duplicate \"log_format\" name \"%V\"",
                               &value[1]);
            return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
        }
    }

    fmt = ngx_array_push(&lmcf->formats);
    if (fmt == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    fmt->name = value[1];

    fmt->ops = ngx_array_create(cf->pool, 16, sizeof(ngx_http_log_op_t));
    if (fmt->ops == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    return ngx_http_log_compile_format(cf, fmt->ops, cf->args, 2);
}


static char *
ngx_http_log_compile_format(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_array_t *ops,
    ngx_array_t *args, ngx_uint_t s)
{
    u_char              *data, *p, ch;
    size_t               i, len;
    ngx_str_t           *value, var;
    ngx_uint_t           bracket;
    ngx_http_log_op_t   *op;
    ngx_http_log_var_t  *v;

    value = args->elts;

    for ( /* void */ ; s < args->nelts; s++) {

        for (i = 0; i < value[s].len; i++) {
            if (value[s].data[i] != '%') {
                continue;
            }

            ch = value[s].data[i + 1];

            if ((ch >= 'A' && ch <= 'Z')
                 || (ch >= 'a' && ch <= 'z')
                 || ch == '{')
            {
                ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf, 0,
                     "the parameters in the \"%%name\" form are not supported, "
                     "use the \"$variable\" instead");

                return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
            }
        }

        i = 0;

        while (i < value[s].len) {

            op = ngx_array_push(ops);
            if (op == NULL) {
                return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
            }

            data = &value[s].data[i];

            if (value[s].data[i] == '$') {

                if (++i == value[s].len) {
                    goto invalid;
                }

                if (value[s].data[i] == '{') {
                    bracket = 1;

                    if (++i == value[s].len) {
                        goto invalid;
                    }

                    var.data = &value[s].data[i];

                } else {
                    bracket = 0;
                    var.data = &value[s].data[i];
                }

                for (var.len = 0; i < value[s].len; i++, var.len++) {
                    ch = value[s].data[i];

                    if (ch == '}' && bracket) {
                        i++;
                        bracket = 0;
                        break;
                    }

                    if ((ch >= 'A' && ch <= 'Z')
                        || (ch >= 'a' && ch <= 'z')
                        || (ch >= '0' && ch <= '9')
                        || ch == '_')
                    {
                        continue;
                    }

                    break;
                }

                if (bracket) {
                    ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf, 0,
                                       "the closing bracket in \"%V\" "
                                       "variable is missing", &var);
                    return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
                }

                if (var.len == 0) {
                    goto invalid;
                }

                if (ngx_strncmp(var.data, "apache_bytes_sent", 17) == 0) {
                    ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_WARN, cf, 0,
                        "use \"$body_bytes_sent\" instead of "
                        "\"$apache_bytes_sent\"");
                }

                for (v = ngx_http_log_vars; v->name.len; v++) {

                    if (v->name.len == var.len
                        && ngx_strncmp(v->name.data, var.data, var.len) == 0)
                    {
                        op->len = v->len;
                        op->getlen = NULL;
                        op->run = v->run;
                        op->data = 0;

                        goto found;
                    }
                }

                if (ngx_http_log_variable_compile(cf, op, &var) != NGX_OK) {
                    return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
                }

            found:

                continue;
            }

            i++;

            while (i < value[s].len && value[s].data[i] != '$') {
                i++;
            }

            len = &value[s].data[i] - data;

            if (len) {

                op->len = len;
                op->getlen = NULL;

                if (len <= sizeof(uintptr_t)) {
                    op->run = ngx_http_log_copy_short;
                    op->data = 0;

                    while (len--) {
                        op->data <<= 8;
                        op->data |= data[len];
                    }

                } else {
                    op->run = ngx_http_log_copy_long;

                    p = ngx_pnalloc(cf->pool, len);
                    if (p == NULL) {
                        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
                    }

                    ngx_memcpy(p, data, len);
                    op->data = (uintptr_t) p;
                }
            }
        }
    }

    return NGX_CONF_OK;

invalid:

    ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf, 0, "invalid parameter \"%s\"", data);

    return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
}


static char *
ngx_http_log_open_file_cache(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_command_t *cmd, void *conf)
{
    ngx_http_log_loc_conf_t *llcf = conf;

    time_t       inactive, valid;
    ngx_str_t   *value, s;
    ngx_int_t    max, min_uses;
    ngx_uint_t   i;

    if (llcf->open_file_cache != NGX_CONF_UNSET_PTR) {
        return "is duplicate";
    }

    value = cf->args->elts;

    max = 0;
    inactive = 10;
    valid = 60;
    min_uses = 1;

    for (i = 1; i < cf->args->nelts; i++) {

        if (ngx_strncmp(value[i].data, "max=", 4) == 0) {

            max = ngx_atoi(value[i].data + 4, value[i].len - 4);
            if (max == NGX_ERROR) {
                goto failed;
            }

            continue;
        }

        if (ngx_strncmp(value[i].data, "inactive=", 9) == 0) {

            s.len = value[i].len - 9;
            s.data = value[i].data + 9;

            inactive = ngx_parse_time(&s, 1);
            if (inactive < 0) {
                goto failed;
            }

            continue;
        }

        if (ngx_strncmp(value[i].data, "min_uses=", 9) == 0) {

            min_uses = ngx_atoi(value[i].data + 9, value[i].len - 9);
            if (min_uses == NGX_ERROR) {
                goto failed;
            }

            continue;
        }

        if (ngx_strncmp(value[i].data, "valid=", 6) == 0) {

            s.len = value[i].len - 6;
            s.data = value[i].data + 6;

            valid = ngx_parse_time(&s, 1);
            if (valid < 0) {
                goto failed;
            }

            continue;
        }

        if (ngx_strcmp(value[i].data, "off") == 0) {

            llcf->open_file_cache = NULL;

            continue;
        }

    failed:

        ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf, 0,
                           "invalid \"open_log_file_cache\" parameter \"%V\"",
                           &value[i]);
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    if (llcf->open_file_cache == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_OK;
    }

    if (max == 0) {
        ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf, 0,
                        "\"open_log_file_cache\" must have \"max\" parameter");
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    llcf->open_file_cache = ngx_open_file_cache_init(cf->pool, max, inactive);

    if (llcf->open_file_cache) {

        llcf->open_file_cache_valid = valid;
        llcf->open_file_cache_min_uses = min_uses;

        return NGX_CONF_OK;
    }

    return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_log_init(ngx_conf_t *cf)
{
    ngx_str_t                  *value;
    ngx_array_t                 a;
    ngx_http_handler_pt        *h;
    ngx_http_log_fmt_t         *fmt;
    ngx_http_log_main_conf_t   *lmcf;
    ngx_http_core_main_conf_t  *cmcf;

    lmcf = ngx_http_conf_get_module_main_conf(cf, ngx_http_log_module);

    if (lmcf->combined_used) {
        if (ngx_array_init(&a, cf->pool, 1, sizeof(ngx_str_t)) != NGX_OK) {
            return NGX_ERROR;
        }

        value = ngx_array_push(&a);
        if (value == NULL) {
            return NGX_ERROR;
        }

        *value = ngx_http_combined_fmt;
        fmt = lmcf->formats.elts;

        if (ngx_http_log_compile_format(cf, fmt->ops, &a, 0)
            != NGX_CONF_OK)
        {
            return NGX_ERROR;
        }
    }

    cmcf = ngx_http_conf_get_module_main_conf(cf, ngx_http_core_module);

    h = ngx_array_push(&cmcf->phases[NGX_HTTP_LOG_PHASE].handlers);
    if (h == NULL) {
        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    *h = ngx_http_log_handler;

    return NGX_OK;
}