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/*
 * Copyright (C) Igor Sysoev
 */


#include <ngx_config.h>
#include <ngx_core.h>
#include <ngx_http.h>


#define NGX_HTTP_AUTH_BUF_SIZE  2048


typedef struct {
    ngx_str_t     passwd;
} ngx_http_auth_basic_ctx_t;


typedef struct {
    ngx_str_t     realm;
    ngx_str_t     user_file;
    ngx_array_t  *user_file_lengths;
    ngx_array_t  *user_file_values;
} ngx_http_auth_basic_loc_conf_t;


static ngx_int_t ngx_http_auth_basic_handler(ngx_http_request_t *r);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_auth_basic_crypt_handler(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_auth_basic_ctx_t *ctx, ngx_str_t *passwd, ngx_str_t *realm);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_auth_basic_set_realm(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_str_t *realm);
static void ngx_http_auth_basic_close(ngx_file_t *file);
static void *ngx_http_auth_basic_create_loc_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf);
static char *ngx_http_auth_basic_merge_loc_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf,
    void *parent, void *child);
static ngx_int_t ngx_http_auth_basic_init(ngx_conf_t *cf);
static char *ngx_http_auth_basic(ngx_conf_t *cf, void *post, void *data);
static char *ngx_http_auth_basic_user_file(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_command_t *cmd,
    void *conf);


static ngx_conf_post_handler_pt  ngx_http_auth_basic_p = ngx_http_auth_basic;

static ngx_command_t  ngx_http_auth_basic_commands[] = {

    { ngx_string("auth_basic"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LMT_CONF
                        |NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_conf_set_str_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_auth_basic_loc_conf_t, realm),
      &ngx_http_auth_basic_p },

    { ngx_string("auth_basic_user_file"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LMT_CONF
                        |NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_http_auth_basic_user_file,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_auth_basic_loc_conf_t, user_file),
      NULL },

      ngx_null_command
};


static ngx_http_module_t  ngx_http_auth_basic_module_ctx = {
    NULL,                                  /* preconfiguration */
    ngx_http_auth_basic_init,              /* postconfiguration */

    NULL,                                  /* create main configuration */
    NULL,                                  /* init main configuration */

    NULL,                                  /* create server configuration */
    NULL,                                  /* merge server configuration */

    ngx_http_auth_basic_create_loc_conf,   /* create location configuration */
    ngx_http_auth_basic_merge_loc_conf     /* merge location configuration */
};


ngx_module_t  ngx_http_auth_basic_module = {
    NGX_MODULE_V1,
    &ngx_http_auth_basic_module_ctx,       /* module context */
    ngx_http_auth_basic_commands,          /* module directives */
    NGX_HTTP_MODULE,                       /* module type */
    NULL,                                  /* init master */
    NULL,                                  /* init module */
    NULL,                                  /* init process */
    NULL,                                  /* init thread */
    NULL,                                  /* exit thread */
    NULL,                                  /* exit process */
    NULL,                                  /* exit master */
    NGX_MODULE_V1_PADDING
};


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_auth_basic_handler(ngx_http_request_t *r)
{
    off_t                            offset;
    ssize_t                          n;
    ngx_fd_t                         fd;
    ngx_int_t                        rc;
    ngx_err_t                        err;
    ngx_str_t                        pwd, user_file;
    ngx_uint_t                       i, level, login, left, passwd;
    ngx_file_t                       file;
    ngx_http_auth_basic_ctx_t       *ctx;
    ngx_http_auth_basic_loc_conf_t  *alcf;
    u_char                           buf[NGX_HTTP_AUTH_BUF_SIZE];
    enum {
        sw_login,
        sw_passwd,
        sw_skip
    } state;

    alcf = ngx_http_get_module_loc_conf(r, ngx_http_auth_basic_module);

    if (alcf->realm.len == 0 || alcf->user_file.len == 0) {
        return NGX_DECLINED;
    }

    ctx = ngx_http_get_module_ctx(r, ngx_http_auth_basic_module);

    if (ctx) {
        return ngx_http_auth_basic_crypt_handler(r, ctx, &ctx->passwd,
                                                 &alcf->realm);
    }

    rc = ngx_http_auth_basic_user(r);

    if (rc == NGX_DECLINED) {

        ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ERR, r->connection->log, 0,
                      "no user/password was provided for basic authentication");

        return ngx_http_auth_basic_set_realm(r, &alcf->realm);
    }

    if (rc == NGX_ERROR) {
        return NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
    }

    if (alcf->user_file_lengths) {
        if (ngx_http_script_run(r, &user_file, alcf->user_file_lengths->elts, 1,
                                alcf->user_file_values->elts)
            == NULL)
        {
            return NGX_ERROR;
        }

        user_file.data[--user_file.len] = '\0';

    } else {
        user_file = alcf->user_file;
    }

    fd = ngx_open_file(user_file.data, NGX_FILE_RDONLY, NGX_FILE_OPEN, 0);

    if (fd == NGX_INVALID_FILE) {
        err = ngx_errno;

        if (err == NGX_ENOENT) {
            level = NGX_LOG_ERR;
            rc = NGX_HTTP_FORBIDDEN;

        } else {
            level = NGX_LOG_CRIT;
            rc = NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
        }

        ngx_log_error(level, r->connection->log, err,
                      ngx_open_file_n " \"%s\" failed", user_file.data);

        return rc;
    }

    ngx_memzero(&file, sizeof(ngx_file_t));

    file.fd = fd;
    file.name = user_file;
    file.log = r->connection->log;

    state = sw_login;
    passwd = 0;
    login = 0;
    left = 0;
    offset = 0;

    for ( ;; ) {
        i = left;

        n = ngx_read_file(&file, buf + left, NGX_HTTP_AUTH_BUF_SIZE - left,
                          offset);

        if (n == NGX_ERROR) {
            ngx_http_auth_basic_close(&file);
            return NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
        }

        if (n == 0) {
            break;
        }

        for (i = left; i < left + n; i++) {
            switch (state) {

            case sw_login:
                if (login == 0) {

                    if (buf[i] == '#' || buf[i] == CR) {
                        state = sw_skip;
                        break;
                    }

                    if (buf[i] == LF) {
                        break;
                    }
                }

                if (buf[i] != r->headers_in.user.data[login]) {
                    state = sw_skip;
                    break;
                }

                if (login == r->headers_in.user.len) {
                    state = sw_passwd;
                    passwd = i + 1;
                }

                login++;

                break;

            case sw_passwd:
                if (buf[i] == LF || buf[i] == CR || buf[i] == ':') {
                    buf[i] = '\0';

                    ngx_http_auth_basic_close(&file);

                    pwd.len = i - passwd;
                    pwd.data = &buf[passwd];

                    return ngx_http_auth_basic_crypt_handler(r, NULL, &pwd,
                                                             &alcf->realm);
                }

                break;

            case sw_skip:
                if (buf[i] == LF) {
                    state = sw_login;
                    login = 0;
                }

                break;
            }
        }

        if (state == sw_passwd) {
            left = left + n - passwd;
            ngx_memcpy(buf, &buf[passwd], left);
            passwd = 0;

        } else {
            left = 0;
        }

        offset += n;
    }

    ngx_http_auth_basic_close(&file);

    if (state == sw_passwd) {
        pwd.len = i - passwd;
        pwd.data = ngx_pnalloc(r->pool, pwd.len + 1);
        if (pwd.data == NULL) {
            return NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
        }

        ngx_cpystrn(pwd.data, &buf[passwd], pwd.len + 1);

        return ngx_http_auth_basic_crypt_handler(r, NULL, &pwd, &alcf->realm);
    }

    ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ERR, r->connection->log, 0,
                  "user \"%V\" was not found in \"%V\"",
                  &r->headers_in.user, &user_file);

    return ngx_http_auth_basic_set_realm(r, &alcf->realm);
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_auth_basic_crypt_handler(ngx_http_request_t *r,
    ngx_http_auth_basic_ctx_t *ctx, ngx_str_t *passwd, ngx_str_t *realm)
{
    ngx_int_t   rc;
    u_char     *encrypted;

    rc = ngx_crypt(r->pool, r->headers_in.passwd.data, passwd->data,
                   &encrypted);

    ngx_log_debug3(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, r->connection->log, 0,
                   "rc: %d user: \"%V\" salt: \"%s\"",
                   rc, &r->headers_in.user, passwd->data);

    if (rc == NGX_OK) {
        if (ngx_strcmp(encrypted, passwd->data) == 0) {
            return NGX_OK;
        }

        ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, r->connection->log, 0,
                       "encrypted: \"%s\"", encrypted);

        ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ERR, r->connection->log, 0,
                      "user \"%V\": password mismatch",
                      &r->headers_in.user);

        return ngx_http_auth_basic_set_realm(r, realm);
    }

    if (rc == NGX_ERROR) {
        return NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
    }

    /* rc == NGX_AGAIN */

    if (ctx == NULL) {
        ctx = ngx_palloc(r->pool, sizeof(ngx_http_auth_basic_ctx_t));
        if (ctx == NULL) {
            return NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
        }

        ngx_http_set_ctx(r, ctx, ngx_http_auth_basic_module);

        ctx->passwd.len = passwd->len;
        passwd->len++;

        ctx->passwd.data = ngx_pstrdup(r->pool, passwd);
        if (ctx->passwd.data == NULL) {
            return NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
        }

    }

    /* TODO: add mutex event */

    return rc;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_auth_basic_set_realm(ngx_http_request_t *r, ngx_str_t *realm)
{
    r->headers_out.www_authenticate = ngx_list_push(&r->headers_out.headers);
    if (r->headers_out.www_authenticate == NULL) {
        return NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR;
    }

    r->headers_out.www_authenticate->hash = 1;
    r->headers_out.www_authenticate->key.len = sizeof("WWW-Authenticate") - 1;
    r->headers_out.www_authenticate->key.data = (u_char *) "WWW-Authenticate";
    r->headers_out.www_authenticate->value = *realm;

    return NGX_HTTP_UNAUTHORIZED;
}

static void
ngx_http_auth_basic_close(ngx_file_t *file)
{
    if (ngx_close_file(file->fd) == NGX_FILE_ERROR) {
        ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, file->log, ngx_errno,
                      ngx_close_file_n " \"%s\" failed", file->name.data);
    }
}


static void *
ngx_http_auth_basic_create_loc_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf)
{
    ngx_http_auth_basic_loc_conf_t  *conf;

    conf = ngx_pcalloc(cf->pool, sizeof(ngx_http_auth_basic_loc_conf_t));
    if (conf == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    return conf;
}


static char *
ngx_http_auth_basic_merge_loc_conf(ngx_conf_t *cf, void *parent, void *child)
{
    ngx_http_auth_basic_loc_conf_t  *prev = parent;
    ngx_http_auth_basic_loc_conf_t  *conf = child;

    if (conf->realm.data == NULL) {
        conf->realm = prev->realm;
    }

    if (conf->user_file.data == NULL) {
        conf->user_file = prev->user_file;
        conf->user_file_lengths = prev->user_file_lengths;
        conf->user_file_values = prev->user_file_values;
    }

    return NGX_CONF_OK;
}


static ngx_int_t
ngx_http_auth_basic_init(ngx_conf_t *cf)
{
    ngx_http_handler_pt        *h;
    ngx_http_core_main_conf_t  *cmcf;

    cmcf = ngx_http_conf_get_module_main_conf(cf, ngx_http_core_module);

    h = ngx_array_push(&cmcf->phases[NGX_HTTP_ACCESS_PHASE].handlers);
    if (h == NULL) {
        return NGX_ERROR;
    }

    *h = ngx_http_auth_basic_handler;

    return NGX_OK;
}


static char *
ngx_http_auth_basic(ngx_conf_t *cf, void *post, void *data)
{
    ngx_str_t  *realm = data;

    size_t   len;
    u_char  *basic, *p;

    if (ngx_strcmp(realm->data, "off") == 0) {
        realm->len = 0;
        realm->data = (u_char *) "";

        return NGX_CONF_OK;
    }

    len = sizeof("Basic realm=\"") - 1 + realm->len + 1;

    basic = ngx_pnalloc(cf->pool, len);
    if (basic == NULL) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    p = ngx_cpymem(basic, "Basic realm=\"", sizeof("Basic realm=\"") - 1);
    p = ngx_cpymem(p, realm->data, realm->len);
    *p = '"';

    realm->len = len;
    realm->data = basic;

    return NGX_CONF_OK;
}


static char *
ngx_http_auth_basic_user_file(ngx_conf_t *cf, ngx_command_t *cmd, void *conf)
{
    ngx_http_auth_basic_loc_conf_t *alcf = conf;

    ngx_str_t                  *value;
    ngx_uint_t                  n;
    ngx_http_script_compile_t   sc;

    if (alcf->user_file.data) {
        return "is duplicate";
    }

    value = cf->args->elts;

    alcf->user_file = value[1];

    if (alcf->user_file.len == 0) {
        ngx_conf_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cf, 0,
                           "invalid parameter \"%V\"", &alcf->user_file);
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    if (alcf->user_file.data[0] != '$') {
        if (ngx_conf_full_name(cf->cycle, &alcf->user_file, 1) != NGX_OK) {
            return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
        }
    }

    n = ngx_http_script_variables_count(&alcf->user_file);

    if (n == 0) {
        return NGX_CONF_OK;
    }

    ngx_memzero(&sc, sizeof(ngx_http_script_compile_t));

    sc.cf = cf;
    sc.source = &alcf->user_file;
    sc.lengths = &alcf->user_file_lengths;
    sc.values = &alcf->user_file_values;
    sc.variables = n;
    sc.complete_lengths = 1;
    sc.complete_values = 1;

    if (ngx_http_script_compile(&sc) != NGX_OK) {
        return NGX_CONF_ERROR;
    }

    return NGX_CONF_OK;
}